A society for assisting Jewish agricultural colonisation in Russia. Founded in the USA in 1928, it had branches in the USA and Canada. In March 1929 IKOR concluded an agreement with the USSR Council of People's Commissars regarding the provision of assistance to Jewish settlers in the opening up of the Birobidzhan region. By the terms of this agreement it was exempt from local and State taxes and from duty on machines and tools exported to the USSR. As the journal "Tribuna" wrote in 1931: "It is hard to picture the building of Birobidzhan without the participation of the American organisation IKOR. It supplies the region with powerful tractors, road-making and woodworking machines, power stations, and also with highly qualified specialists to act as advisors."